The post Montessori Sandpaper Letters appeared first on .
]]>MATERIALS:
A set of square cardboards containing the sounds or the shapes of the letters of the alphabet in sandpaper.
The letters are written in lowercase.
5 of the cards are blue card, representing the vowels.
The remainders of the letters are on pink card.
A table mat.
OBJECTIVES:
To help the child recognize the shape of the letters and the sounds they make.
CONTROL OF ERROR:
The roughness and smoothness of the sandpaper. The letter may be placed towards the right hand side of the card so that the child has a space to hold the card with his left hand.
AGE:3 ½ – 4 years approx.
PRESENTATION:
FURTHER EXERCISE 1:
FURTHER EXERCISE 2:
FURTHER EXERCISE 3:
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]]>PRACTICAL LIFE

SENSORIAL

BOTANY
ZOOLOGY

HISTORY

LANGUAGE & GRAMMAR

WRITING
HANDWRITING

MATHEMATICS

PHYSICAL SCIENCE & BIOLOGY
GEOMETRY
GEOGRAPHY

PREREADING
READING
THE ARTS
MUSIC

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]]>AREA:Practical Life AGE:2.5 to 3 years
MATERIALS
Two identical bowls, beans, spoon, mat and tray
DIRECT AIM
Spooning beans from the left bowl to the right bowl.
INDIRECT AIM
Refining fine motor skills
Working from left to right
Developing concentration
Developing pincer grip
Eye convergence
Eye hand coordination
Patience
PRESENTATION
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]]>The post Montessori Pegging Presentation appeared first on .
]]>MATERIALS
Pegs with loose springs, 1 basket container.
DIRECT AIM
To peg and unpeg with the plastic pegs
INDIRECT AIM
Eye hand coordination
Develop pincer grip
Patience and concentration
Dexterity
Strengthen fingers and arm
PRESENTATION
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Montessori Setting Table PresentationAREA Practical Life Care of the Environment AGE 3 ½ to 6 years MATERIALS Tray Control chart Knife, fork, cup, saucer, napkin, salt and pepper set, side plate. DIRECT AIM To set the table for a meal. INDIRECT AIM Gross motor skills, developing concentration, to care for the environment, strengthen muscles in the arms, sequencing, bilaterality, crossing the midline, spatial orientation, birds eye view perspective. PRESENTATION 1. Invite the child to begin the Work Cycle. 2. Ask the child to bring the work mat to the work area.place the work mat just above the actual work area. 3. Fetch the work on the tray. Place the tray on the seat of the chair and unpack the materials onto the plastic mat which is situated just above the work area. 4. Unpack the control chart and lay it on the table. 5. One by one, in no particular order, match the utensils onto the control chart. 6. Stand back and admire the set table. 7. Show the child how to pack away by removing the utensils from the tray one by one and placing them onto the mat. 8. Lift the control chart and place this back into the tray. 9. Place all the utensils back into the tray onto the control chart. 10. Place the tray onto the table and invite the child to have a turn.

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Montessori Scrubbing table PresentationAREA Practical Life Care of the Environment AGE 3 to 5 years MATERIALS Plastic bucket, soap, soap dish, apron, scrubbing brush, sponge, bowl, plastic mat, jug, drying cloth. The materials are all kept inside the bucket. DIRECT AIM To scrub the table. INDIRECT AIM Gross motor skills, working from left to right, developing concentration, to care for the environment, strengthen muscles in the arms and sequencing. PRESENTATION 1. Invite the child to begin the Work Cycle. 2. Lay out the plastic mat beside the table and lay out the materials in order of use: 3. Jug, bowl, scrubbing brush, soap in soap dish, sponge, cloth for drying table and hands. 4. Ask the child to collect some water in the jug up to the water mark only. 5. Show the child how to pour this into the bowl leaving a little in the jug. 6. Pick up the scrubbing brush in your right hand and dip this into the water. 7. Pick the soap up in your left hand. 8. Apply some soap to the brush by rotating the brush on the soap in little circles. 9. Return the soap to the dish. 10. Begin to scrub the table in little circular motions beginning at the top left hand side of the table and working your way down the table in vertical lines. That is, working from left to right. 11. Ensure that a good lather is created. If not, dip the brush into the water again and resoap the brush. 12. Dip the brush into the water again to rinse it. 13. Give the brush a little shake to remove excess water. 14. Pick the sponge up in your right hand and begin to wipe the table. Wipe from top to bottom in straight lines again, working your way across the table. 15. Dip the sponge in the water and rinse it squeezing out any excess water 16. Check the clean strip. 17. Show the child how to clear up by pouring the dirty water into the bucket. 18. Pour the remaining water in the jug, into the bowl. 19. Swirl the water in the bowl and pour this into the bucket too. 20. Dry the dish and the jug with the drying cloth. 21. Ask the child to watch where you throw the dirty water. Toss this out on the flowers or on the lawn. 22. Go back to the work area and dry the bucket. 23. Exchange the wet cloth for a dry cloth. 24. Replace all the contents in the bucket and return this to its place in the environment. Invite the child to have a turn.

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Montessori Washing a window PresentationAREA Practical Life Elementary Movements AGE 4 6 years MATERIALS A window in the classroom that is at the correct height for the child ,plastic mat, bucket, jug, liquid cleaner, squeegee, drying cloth. PRESENTATION1. Invite the child to begin the Work Cycle. 2. Show the child where the equipment is kept. 3. Ask the child to bring the equipment over to the window. 4. Unpack the equipment on the floor mat in order of use. 5. Ask the child to collect water in the jug up to the water line. 6. Pour this water into the bucket leaving a little in the jug for cleaning up with. 7. Pick up the bottle of cleaner. Unscrew the bottle and drop a few drops of liquid into the water. 8. Using your dominant hand, place your hand in the bowl and swirl it around to mix in the liquid. 9. Dry your hand. 10. Pick the squeegee up in your dominant hand and dip this into the soapy water. 11. Shake off any excess water over the bowl. 12. Show the child how to clean the window in vertical lines from the top to the bottom, firstly with the sponge part. 13. Use the reverse side with the rubber blade and again in vertical movements, from top to bottom, clean off the lather to leave a clean window. 14. Use the cotton cloth the wipe off any bits of water or any streaks. 15. Once clean, show child how to pack away by throwing the dirty water into the bucket. The child throws remaining water from the jug into the bowl, swirls it to clean it and throws this into the bucket too. 16. Show the child where to throw the dirty water in the bucket. 17. Pick up the drying cloth, dry all the equipment, and return the work to the bucket. 18. Invite the child to have a turn.

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Montessori Trinomial Cube PresentationMATERIALS: The trinomial cube is a wooden box with a cover and two adjacent hinged sides, containing 27 wooden blocks that fit together to form a cube with the same pattern on each side and in the middle. The cube has a visual representation of the algebraic formula (a+b+ c) (a+b+c) (a+b+c) or: (a+b+c) 3 3 control charts OBJECTIVES: To help develop the child’s visual perception of threedimensional patterns. To prepare the child for later work in Maths, especially algebra. To aid the child’s fine motor. Eye hand coordination. Concentration. To prepare the child for writing. CONTROL OF ERROR: The control charts The child feels that all the blocks have the same dimension. The colours of the cubes. AGE: 4 –5 years approx. PRESENTATION: Individual exercise done at a table on a work mat. Show the child how to carry the box and how to open and remove the box’s lid. Show the child how to lower the two adjacent hinged sides gently towards yourself. Show the child how to place the lid into the angle made by the opened sides, with the red square in the corner next to the box. Place the control charts beside and slightly in front of the box. Remove the top layer of cubes and place them on the furthest (a) control charts that you have placed in front of the cube. Place your flat hand on the cubes to ensure that they are all the same height. Repeat this removal for the next layer placing them on the control chart closer to you (b) again feeling that they are all the same height. Repeat this removal for the last layer, placing them on the control chart closest to you (c) again feeling that they are all the same height. Beginning with the red cube, that is, the cubes on control chart (c) place the SHORTER dimension cubes back onto the lid of the box. Feel that they are all the same height. Now place the TALLER cubes, on control chart (b) back onto the layer of cubes that are already on the lid of the box. Feel that they are all the same height with the flat of your hand. Now place the TALLEST cubes, on control chart (c) back onto the layer of cubes that are already on the lid of the box. Feel that they are all the same height with the flat of your hand. Beginning with the red cube from the top layer of cubes, replace them into the box wrapping the other cubes around the red cube. Place the blue cube in last. Feel with your flat hand that they are all the same height. Do the same for the second layer of cubes and for the third layer of cubes. Once the cubes are all back, fold up the sides of the box and draw attention to the fact that the pattern of the cubes inside the box resembles the pattern on the lid. Invite the child to have a turn.
EXTENSION 1 The child can build the Trinomial cube in exactly the same way but outside the box without the control charts. EXTENSION 2 One day, after the cube is built outside the box, show the child that all the cube’s faces have the same pattern on them. Turn the cube around to show the child that the back faces are the same too. Place both hands around the cube and lift it, to show the child that the bottom also has the same pattern on it. Show the child that the 12 inside faces have the same pattern. You will be able to do this by splitting the cube three ways, horizontally, vertically, and back to front. This will expose each face with each split. EXTENSION 3: Show the child how you can match all the faces of the cubes together. Build a horizontal line on the mat from left to right, matching all the same sized blue faces. Do the same with the red, black and yellow faces Invite the child to have a turn.
EXTENSION 4: The child can independently build the three separate layers of the Trinomial Cube and put them together to make the complete cube, although the child should put them together piece by piece, rather than trying to lift each layer in its entirety.

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Montessori Binomial Cube PresentationMATERIALS: The binomial cube is a wooden box with a cover and two adjacent hinged sides, containing 8 wooden blocks that fit together to form a cube with the same pattern on each side and in the middle. The cube has a visual representation of the algebraic formula (a+b) (a+b) (a+b) or: (a+b) 3 control charts OBJECTIVES: To help develop the child’s visual perception of threedimensional patterns. To prepare the child for later work in Maths, especially algebra. To aid the child’s fine motor. Eye hand coordination. Concentration. To prepare the child for writing. CONTROL OF ERROR: The control charts The child feels that all the blocks have the same dimension. The colours of the cubes. AGE: 4 years approx. PRESENTATION: Individual exercise done at a table on a work mat. Show the child how to carry the box and how to open and remove the box’s lid. Show the child how to lower the two adjacent hinged sides gently towards yourself. Show the child how to place the lid into the angle made by the opened sides, with the red square in the corner next to the box. Place the control charts beside and slightly in front of the box. Remove the top layer of blocks and place them onto the lid, starting with the cube nearest the open side. Then remove the one to the left of that then the one to the right of that. Place them on the appropriate colour of the control lid. Feel that they are all the same height by placing your hand gently onto the layer of cubes. Place the next layer of cubes directly on top of the previous layer.
Now, remove the top layer of cubes and place it on the furthest (a) control charts that you have placed in front of the cube. Place your flat hand on the cubes again to make sure that they are all the same height. Repeat this removal for the next layer placing them on the control chart closer to you (b) again feeling that they are all the same height. Beginning with the red cube, that is, the cubes on control chart (b) place the SHORTER dimension cubes back onto the lid of the box. Feel that they are all the same height. Now place the TALLER cubes, on control chart (a) back onto the layer of cubes that are already on the lid of the box. Beginning with the red cube from the top layer of cubes, replace them into the box wrapping the other cubes around the red cube. Place the blue cube in last. Feel with your flat hand that they are all the same height. Do the same for the second layer of cubes. Once the cubes are all back, fold up the sides of the box and draw attention to the fact that the pattern of the cubes inside the box resembles the pattern on the lid. Invite the child to have a turn.
EXTENSION 1 The child can build the Binomial cube in exactly the same way but outside the box without the control charts. EXTENSION 2 One day, after the cube is built outside the box, show the child that all the cube’s faces have the same pattern on them. Turn the cube around to show the child that the back faces are the same too. Place both hands around the cube and lift it, to show the child that the bottom also has the same pattern on it. Show the child that the 6 inside faces have the same pattern. You will be able to do this by splitting the cube three ways, horizontally, vertically, and back to front. This will expose each face with each split.

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