AGE4 years onwards
Set 1A series of bells representing the whole tones and semi- tones of one octave from middle c. the bells are on black and white bases and correspond to the black and white notes on a piano.
Set 2A second series of bells identical in sound to the above set but all on plain wooden bases and a wooden board marked into black and white spaces which are wide enough to hold one bell.
A wooden striker
DIRECT AIMTo develop the child’s discrimination of pitch.
INDIRECT AIMTo develop the child’s perception of tones
To prepare the child for music.
PRESENTATIONHigh and low
- High and low are taught by means of the three period lesson. Select three bells from the diatonic scale e.g. Middle C and A – and bring them to the front of the mat isolating them from the others. Strike middle C, listen. Sing “this is low” then mute the bell. Strike A and listen. Sing “this is high” then mute the bell. Repeat.
- In the second period sing the “strike high” and “strike low” notes and encourage the child to answer by singing on the notes.
- In the third period, ask, “what is this”?
- Select middle c and the three highest notes a, b, and c – and bring them down to the front of the stand to isolate them from the others.
- Strike middle c, sing “this is low”, and mute it.
- Strike a and sing “this is “high” and mute it.
- Strike b and sing “this is higher” and mute the bell.
- Strike c, sing “this is the highest”, and mute the bell.
- Continue in the usual manner with the second and third period.
- Play the diatonic scale and tell the child that the notes have names.
- Sing the names as you strike the bells again from middle c, to c.
- Then select three bells e.g. Middle c, e and b.
- Bring them down to the front of the stand to isolate them from the others.
- Strike middle c, listen and sing in tune “ this is c”
- Invite the child to do the same.
- Then do likewise with e and b giving the child a turn.
- Continue as for the 3 period lesson.
- Teach all the notes in this way.
- Before each lesson, review the ones already learnt.
- Play up and down the chromatic scale and sing la, la ,la,la.
- Decide on a bell e.g. Middle c and d.
- Strike middle c and sing in tune la – mute it.
- Strike c # and sing in tune la – mute it.
- Explain to the child that the notes are very similar with only a semi-tone difference.
- Ask him to listen carefully and proceed to sing them again.
- Play c # (sharp) again and tell the child that this is called c sharp. It is just higher than c.
- Invite the child to have a turn. Strike d and sing “la”…-mute it.
- Explain to the child that this note can also be called d flat.
- Ask to child to listen carefully, strike, and sing d and b flat.
- Continue as for a normal three period lesson. The other sharps and flats are similarly introduced.